John Rawls – Biografia

LIFE

YEAR

WORKS

– Birth of John Bordley Rawls, in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, as the second of five sons of Willian Lee andAnna Abell Rawls.

1921

– Graduates from Kent School, a renouned preparatory school.

1939

– Studies at Princeton Universityconcluded with AB degree.

1939-1943

– Military training and service in the Pacific

1943-45

– Graduate study at Princeton University concluded with a Ph.D. in philosophy.

1946-50

– Fellowship student at Cornell University (Ithaca, NY, USA).

1947-48

– Marries Margaret Warlfied Fox.

1949

– Instructor in the Princeton Philosophy Department.

1950-1952

– Birth of his first child: Anne Warfield.

1950

– “A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge: Considered with Reference to Judgments on the Moral Worth of Character.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, 1950. Abstract in Dissertation Abstracts (1955), 15(4): 608-609.

1951

– “Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.” The Philosophical Review (April 1951), 60(2): 177-197.

– Review of Axel Hägerstrom’s Inquiries into the Nature of Law and Morals (C.D. Broad, tr.). Mind (July 1955), 64(255): 421-422.

– Review of Stephen Toulmin’s An Examination of the Place of Reason in Ethics (1950).The Philosophical Review(October 1951), 60(4): 572-580.

– Fullbright fellow at Christchurch College, Oxford (Oxford, UK).

1952-53

– Appointment as Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Cornell University(Ithaca, NY, USA).

1953

– Birth of his second child: Robert Lee.

1954

– Birth of his third child: Alexander Emory.

1955

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” The Philosophical Review (January 1955), 64(1): 3-32.
– Promotion to Associate Professor, with tenure, at Cornell University.

1956

– Birth of his youngest child: Elizabeth Fox.

1957

– “Justice as Fairness.” Journal of Philosophy (October 24, 1957), 54(22): 653-662. An abbreviated version of the next item.

1958

– “Justice as Fairness.” The Philosophical Review (April 1958), 67(2): 164-194.
– Visiting Professor at Harvard University.

1959-1960

1959

– Review of A. Vilhelm Lundstedt’s Legal Thinking Revised. Cornell Law Quarterly(1959), 44: 169.
– Appointment as Professor at theMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

1960

– Becomes full professor of philosophy atCornell University.

1961

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Frederick A. Olafson, ed., Justice and Social Policy: A Collection of Essays, pp. 80-107. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, A Spectrum Book, 1961. See “Justice as Fairness” (1958), the last paragraph of Section 3 has been extensively revised.

– Review of Raymond Klibansky, ed.,Philosophy in Mid-Century: A Survey. The Philosophical Review (January 1961), 70(1): 131-132.

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Frederick A. Olafson, ed., Society, Law and Morality, pp. 420-434. Readings in Social Philosophy from Classical and Contemporary Sources. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1961. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955)

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Richard B. Brandt, ed., Value and Obligation: Systematic Readings in Ethics, pp. 230-237. New York & Burlingame: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961. See “Two Concepts of Ethics” (1955).

– Appointment as Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University.

1962

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Peter Laslett and W.G. Runciman, eds., Philosophy, Politics and Society, 2d Series, pp. 132-157. New York: Barnes and Noble; Oxford: B lackwell, 1962. Reprinted 1964, 1967. Some footnotes have been omitted, others abbreviated, and the last paragraph of Section III revised, “Justice as Fairness” (1958).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In W.T. Jones, Frederick Sontag, Morton O. Beckner, Robert J. Fogelin, eds., Approaches to Ethics: Representative Selections from Classical Times to the Present, pp. 230-237. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

1963

– “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice.” In Carl J. Friedrich and John W. Chapman, eds., Nomos, VI: Justice, pp. 98-125. Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. New York: Atherton Press, 1963.

– “The Sense of Justice.” The Philosophical Review (July 1963), 72(3): 281-305.

1964

– “Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play.” In Sidney Hook, ed., Law and Philosophy: A Symposium, pp. 3-18. New York: New York University Press, 1964. Proceedings of the 6th Annual New York University Institute of Philosophy.

– Review of Richard B. Brandt, ed., Social Justice (1962). The Philosophical Review(July 1965), 74(3): 406-409.

1967

– “Distributive Justice.” In Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman, eds., Philosophy, Politics, and Society. Third Series, pp. 58-82. London: Blackwell; New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Philippa Foot, ed., Theories of Ethics, pp. 144-170. Oxford Readings in Philosophy. London: Oxford University Press, 1967. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

1968

– “Distributive Justice: Some Addenda.”Natural Law Forum (1968), 13: 51-71.

– “Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.” In Judith J. Thomson and Gerald Dworkin, eds., Ethics, pp. 48-70. Sources in Contemporary Philosophy. New York: Harper & Row, 1968. See “Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics” (1951).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Judith J. Thomson and Gerald Dworkin, eds.,Ethics, pp. 104-135. Sources in Contemporary Philosophy. New York: Harper & Row, 1968. See “Two Concepts of Rules” ( 1955).

– Fellowship at the Stanford UniversityCenter for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.

1969-1970

1969

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Matthew Lipman, ed., Discovering Philosophy, pp. 76-84. New York: Appleton, Century Crofts, 1969. See “Justice as Fairness” ( 1957).

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In Hugo A. Bedau, ed., CivilDisobedience: Theory and Practice, pp. 240-255. New York: Pegasus Books, 1969. Originally presented at the meetings of the American Political Science Association, September 1966. Some revisions have been made and two paragraphs have been added to the last section.

– “The Sense of Justice.” In Joel Feinberg, ed., Moral Concepts, pp. 120-140. Oxford Readings in Philosophy. London: Oxford University Press, 1969. See “The Sense of Justice” ( 1963).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In H.B. Acton, ed., The Philosophy of Punishment: A Collection of Papers, pp. 105-114. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1969. See “Two Concepts of Rules” ( 1955).

– Serves as President of the American Association of Political and Social Philosophers.

1970-72

1970

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Wilfrid Sellars and John Hospers, eds., Readings in Ethical Theory. 2d ed., pp. 578-595. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1970.
– Writes A Theory of Justice, his most famous work.

1971

– “Justice as Reciprocity.” In Samuel Gorovitz, ed., Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill: With Critical Essays, pp. 242-268. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971.

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In Edward Kent, ed., Revolution and the Rule of Law, pp. 30-45. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, A Spectrum Book, 1971. See “The Justification of Civil Disobedience” (1969).

– “Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play.” In Jeffrie G. Murphy, ed., Civil Disobedience and Violence, pp. 39-52. Basic Problems in Philosophy Series. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1971.

– A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971.
Contents:
Part One: Theory
Chapter 1: Justice as Fairness [See “Justice as Fairness” (1958).]
Chapter 2: The Principles of Justice [See “Distributive Justice: Some Addenda” (1968).]
Chapter 3: The Original Position
Part Two: Institutions
Chapter 4: Equal Liberty [See “Constitutional Liberty” (1963).]
Chapter 5: Distributive Shares [See “Distributive Justice” (1967).]
Chapter 6: Duty and Obligation [See “The Justification of Civil Disobedience” (1969).]
Part Three: Ends
Chapter 7: Goodness as Rationality
Chapter 8: The Sense of Justice [See “The Sense of Justice” (1963).]
Chapter 9: The Good of Justice

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Samuel Gorovitz, ed., Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill: With Critical Essays, pp. 174-194. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

1972

– “Reply to Lyons and Teitelman.” [Abstract] Journal of Philosophy(October 5, 1972), 69(18): 556-557. Reply to David Lyons’ “Rawls versus Utilitarianism,” pp. 535-545, and Michael Teitelman’s “The Limits of Individualism,” pp. 546-556.

– A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972. British edition of A Theory of Justice ( 1971).

1973

– “Author’s Note.” In Thomas Schwartz, ed., Freedom and Authority: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy, p. 260. Encino & Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1973. A note by Rawls on “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice” reprint. See next item.

– “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice.” In Thomas Schwartz, ed.,Freedom and Authority: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy, pp. 260-280. Encino & Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1973. See “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice” (1963).

– “Distributive Justice.” In Edmund S. Phelps, ed., Economic Justice: Selected Readings, pp. 319-362. Penguin Modern Economics Readings. Harmondsworth & Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1973. Includes the whole of “Distributive Justice” (1967) and the main part of “Distributive Justice: Some Addenda” (1968).

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Richard E. Flathman, ed., Concepts in Social & Political Philosophy, pp. 404-421. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier Macmillan, 1973. See “Justice as Fairness” (1958), (1962).

– “Justification and Civil Disobedience.” In Richard E. Flathman, ed., Concepts in Social & Political Philosophy, pp. 219-229. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier Macmillan, 1973. See “Justification and Civil Disobedience” (1969).

– “Punishment as a Practice.” In Jeffrie G. Murphy, ed., Punishment and Rehabilitation, pp. 83-91. Basic Problems in Philosophy Series. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1973. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

– A Theory of Justice. London: Oxford University Press, Oxford Paperbacks, 1973. See A Theory of Justice (1971), (1972).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Thomas Schwartz, ed., Freedom and Authority: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy, pp. 160-181. Encino & Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1973. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

– Sabbatical at the University of Michigan.

1974-1975

– Appointment as John Cowles Professor.

– Serves as President of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association.

1974

– “Reply to Alexander and Musgrave.”Quarterly Journal of Economics(November 1974), 88(4): 633-655. Comments on Sidney S. Alexander’s “Social Evaluations Through Notional Choice,” pp. 597-624, and R. A. Musgrave’s “Maximin,” pp. 597-624.

– “Some Reasons for the Maximin Criterion.” American Economic Review(May 1974), 64(2): 141-146.

– “A Theory of Justice.” In Eva H. Hanks, A. Dan Tarlock and John L. Hanks, eds.,Cases and Materials on Environmental Law and Policy, pp. 8-14. American Casebook Series. St. Paul, Minn.: West, 1974. See A Theory of Justice (1971), pp. 284-293.

1975

– “Fairness to Goodness.” The Philosophical Review (October 1975), 84(4): 536-554.

– “The Independence of Moral Theory.”Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association(November 1975), 48: 5-22. Presidential address delivered before the 71st Eastern Meeting of the American Philosophical Association in Washington DC, December 28, 1974.

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In James Rachels, ed., Moral Problems: A Collection of Philosophical Essays. 2d ed., pp. 181-194. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In Richard Wasserstrom, ed., Today’s Moral Problems, pp. 346-358. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier Macmillan, 1975. See “The Justification of Civil Disobedience” (1969).

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In Tom L. Beauchamp, ed., Ethics and Public Policy, pp. 132-145. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1975. See “The Justification of Civil Disobedience” (1969).

– “A Kantian Conception of Equality.”Cambridge Review [London] (February 1975), 96(2225): 94-99.

– Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit. Franfurt: Suhrkamp, 1975. German translation by Hermann Vetter of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice(1971).

– “A Theory of Justice.” In Donald M. Levine and Mary Jo Bane, eds., The `Inequality’ Controversy: Schooling and Distributive Justice, pp. 228-251. New York: Basic Books, 1975. See A Theory of Justice (1971).

– Zwei Regelbegriffe.” In Otfried Höffe, ed.,Einführung in die utilitaristische Ethik: Klassische und zeitgenössische Texte, pp. 96-120. Munich: Beck, 1975. German translation by Jörg Jantzen of “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

1976

– “Justice as Fairness.” In James Rachels, ed., Understanding Moral Philosophy, pp. 234-254. Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1976. See “Justice as Fairness” (1958).

– “Justice as Reciprocity.” In Samuel Gorovitz, et al., eds., Moral Problems in Medicine, pp. 443-454. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976. See “Justice as Reciprocity” (1971).

– Sabbatical (fall) at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.

1977

– “The Basic Structure as Subject.”American Philosophical Quarterly (April 1977), 14(2): 159-165.

– “Distributive Justice.” In Joel Feinberg and Henry West, eds., Moral Philosophy: Classic Texts and Contemporary Problems, pp. 344-358. Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1977. See “Distributive Justice” (1967).

– “Gerechtigkeit als Fairness.” In Otfried Höffe, ed., Gerechtigkeit als Fairness. Reihe praktische Philosophie, 6. Freiburg: Alber, 1977. German translation by Joachim Schulte of “Justice as Fairness” (1957) and other articles.

– “Giustizia distributiva.” In Maurizio Ferrera and Piero Gastaldo, eds., Le Ragioni della Giustizia, pp. 45-80. Biblioteca della liberta, 65/66. 1977.

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Maurizio Ferrera and Piero Gastaldo, eds., Le ragioni della giustizia, pp. 25-44. Biblioteca della liberta, 65/66. 1977. Double the length of “Justice as Fairness” (1958).

– “Justice as Fairness.” In W.T. Jones, Frederich Sontag, Morton O. Beckner and Robert J. Fogelin, eds., Approaches to Ethics. 3d ed., pp. 485-504. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1977. See “Justice as Fairness” (1958).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Joel Feinberg and Henry West, eds., Moral Philosophy: Classic Texts and Contemporary Problems, pp. 259-273. Belmont, Calif.: Dickenson, 1977. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

1978

– “[Addendum:] The Basic Structure as Subject.” In John Arthur and William H. Shaw, eds., Justice and Economic Distribution, pp. 48-52. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1978. See “The Basic Structure as Subject” (1977).

– “The Basic Structure as Subject.” In Alvin I. Goldman and Jaegwon Kim, eds., Values and Morals: Essays in Honor of William Frankena, Charles Stevenson, and Richard B. Brandt, pp. 47-71. Dordrecht, Holland & Boston: Reidel, 1978. Revised and expanded version of “The Basic Structure as Subject” (1977).

– “Personal Communication, January 31, 1976.” In Thomas Nagel’s “The Justification of Equality.” Critica (April 1978), 10(28): 9n4. Reprinted in Nagel’s Moral Questions, p. 111n4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

– “A Theory of Justice.” In John Arthur and William H. Shaw, eds., Justice and Economic Distribution, pp. 18-48. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1978. See A Theory of Justice(1971).

– Appointment as James Bryant Conant University Professor at Harvard University, succeding Nobel Prize winner Kenneth Arrow.

1979

– “The Concept of Justice in Political Economy.” In Frank Hahn and Martin Hollis, eds., Philosophy and Economic Theory, pp. 164-169. Oxford Readings in Philosophy. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. See A Theory of Justice (1971).

– “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice.” In David Lyons, ed., Rights, pp. 26-45. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1979. See “Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice” (1963).

– “Economic Systems.” In Tom L. Beauchamp and Norman E. Bowie, eds.,Ethical Theory and Business, pp. 57-63. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1979. See A Theory of Justice(1971).

– “An Egalitarian Theory of Justice.” In Tom L. Beauchamp and Norman E. Bowie, eds.,Ethical Theory and Business, pp. 35-42. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1979. See A Theory of Justice(1971).

– Sahoe jeongeui-ron. Seoul: Seogwangsa, 1979. Korean translation by Gyeongsig Hwang of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice (1971).

– Seigiron. Tokyo: Kinokuniya shoten, 1979. Japanese translation by Yajima Kinji of a 1975, altered version of a A Theory of Justice (1971).

– Teoría de la justicia. Col. Filosofia. Madrid: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1979. Spanish translation by Maria Dolores González of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice (1971).

– Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit.Franfurt: Suhrkamp, 1979. German translation by Hermann Vetter of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice(1971).

– “A Theory of Justice.” In Ted Honderich and Myles Burnyeat, eds., Philosophy As It Is, pp. 61-88. Harmondworth & New York: Penguin Books, 1979. See A Theory of Justice (1971), Sections 3, 4, 11, 21, 29.

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Richard A. Wasserstrom, ed., Today’s Moral Problems. 2d ed., pp. 452-460. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier Macmillan, 1979. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955).

– “A Well-Ordered Society.” In Peter Laslett and James Fishkin, eds.,Philosophy, Politics and Society. 5th Series, pp. 6-20. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press; Oxford: Blackwell, 1979. See “A Kantian Conception of Equality” (1975).

– Is very philosophically active among intellectual circles and in teaching philosophy at Harvard

1980-1990

– John Dewey Lectures: “Kantian Construtivism in Moral Theory”.

1980

– “Civil Disobedience.” In Joel Feinberg and Hyman Gross, eds., Philosophy of Law. 2d ed., pp. 110-123. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980. See A Theory of Justice (1971), pp. 363-391.

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Joel Feinberg and Hyman Gross, eds., Philosophy of Law. 2d ed., pp. 338-351. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980.

– “A Kantian Conception of Equality.” In Virginia Held, ed., Property, Profits, and Economic Justice, pp. 198-208. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980. Reprint of “A Kantian Conception of Equality” (1975), with an addition suggested by Rawls.

– “Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory.” Journal of Philosophy(September 1980), 77(9): 515-572. Includes: “Rational and Full Autonomy,” pp. 515-535, “Representation of Freedom and Equality,” pp. 535-554, and “Construction and Objectivity,” pp. 554-572. The 1980 Dewey Lectures at Columbia University.

– “Punishment.” In Joel Feinberg and Hyman Gross, eds., Philosophy of Law. 2d ed., pp. 577-581. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955), pp. 3-13.

– “A Theory of Justice.” In James Sterba, ed., Justice: Alternative Political Perspectives. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980. See A Theory of Justice (1971), pp. 11-22, 60-65, 120-124, 150-156, 252-257, 303-305.

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Joel Feinberg, ed., Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy. 5th ed. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1980. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955), part I.

1981

– “Justice as Fairness.” In Oliver A. Johnson, ed., The Individual and the Universe: An Introduction to Philosophy,pp. 239-246. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1981. See “Justice as Fairness” (1957).

– “Justice as Reciprocity.” In Charles L. Reid, ed., Choice and Action: An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 292-323. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier-Macmillan, 1981. See “Justice as Reciprocity” (1971).

– Uma teoria da justiça. Introduction by Vamireh Chacon. Pensamento politico, 50. Brasilia: Ed. Universidade de Brasilia, 1981. Portuguese translation by Vamireh Chacon of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice (1971).

– “A Theory of Justice.” In A.K. Bierman and James A. Gould, eds., Philosophy for a New Generation. New York: Macmillan, 1981. See A Theory of Justice (1971).

– “Two Concepts of Rules.” In John Arthur, ed., Morality and Moral Controversies. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1981. See “Two Concepts of Rules” (1955), pp. 3-13.

1982

– “The Basic Liberties and Their Priority.” In Sterling M. McMurrin, ed., The Tanner Lectures on Human ValuesIII (1982),pp. 1-87. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

– “Social Unity and Primary Goods.” In Amartya Sen and Bernard Williams, eds.,Utilitarianism and Beyond, pp. 159-185.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1982.

– Una teoria della giustizia. I fatti e le idee, 512. Milan: Feltrinelli, 1982. Italian translation by Ugo Santini and Sebastiano Maffettone of A Theory of Justice (1971).

– Honorary doctorate from Oxford University.

1983

1984

Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit. 2d ed. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1984. German translation by Hermann Vetter of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice(1971). See Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit (1975).

1985

– “Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical.” Philosophy & Public Affairs (Summer 1985), 14(3): 223-251.

– “A Kantian Conception of Equality.” In John Rajchman and Cornel West, eds.,Post-Analytic Philosophy, pp. 201-214. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. See “A Kantian Conception of Equality” (1975).

– Sabbatical (spring) in Oxford.

1986

– “Distributive Justice.” In Robert M. Stewart, ed., Readings in Social and Political Philosophy, pp. 196-211. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 196-211. See “Distributive Justice” (1967).

– “The Justification of Civil Disobedience.” In Robert M. Stewart, ed., Readings in Social and Political Philosophy, 76-84. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. See “The Justification of Civil Disobedience” (1969).

– “A Kantian Conception of Equality.” In Robert M. Stewart, ed., Readings in Social and Political Philosophy, 187-211. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. See “A Kantian Conception of Equality” (1975).

– Honorary doctorate from Princeton University.

1987

– “The Basic Liberties and Their Priority. ” In Sterling M. McMurrin, ed., Liberty, Equality, and Law: Selected Tanner Lectures on Moral Philosophy, pp. 1-87. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. See “The Basic Liberties and their Priority” (1982).

– “The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus.”Oxford Journal for Legal Studies (Spring 1987), 7(1): 1-25. The H.L.A. Hart Lecture for 1986.

– “La Justice comme équité. ” Philosophie(Spring 1987), 14: 39-69. French translation by Jean-Fabien Spitz of a revised version of “Justice as Fairness” (1958).

– Theorie de la justice. Empreintes. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1987. French translation by Catherine Audard of a 1975, altered version of A Theory of Justice (1971).

1988

– “Classical Utilitarianism.” In Samuel Scheffler, ed., Consequentialism and Its Critics, pp. 4-19. Oxford Readings in Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. See A Theory of Justice(1971), pp. 22-27.

– “L’Idée d’un consensus par recoupement.”Revue de Metaphysique et de Morale(January-March 1988), 93(1): 3-32. A French translation by Alexis Tchoudnowsky of “The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus” (1987).

– “La Priorité du just et les conceptions du Bien.” Archives de Philosophie du Droit(1988), 33: 39-59. A French translation by Alexis Tchoudnowsky and Catherine Audard of “The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good” (1988).Part of a conference on the topic of John Rawls, held in Paris, March 20-21, 1987.

– “The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good.” Philosophy & Public Affairs (Fall 1988), 17(4): 251-276.

– “La Théorie de la justice comme équité: une théorie politique et non pas métaphysique.” In Catherine Audard, Jean-Pierre Dupuy and René Sève, eds.,Individu et justice sociale: Autour de John Rawls. Preface by François Terré. Points. Politique, 132. Paris: Seuil, 1988.Part of a conference on the topic of John Rawls held in Paris, March 20-21, 1987. See “Justice as Fairness: Political, not Metaphysical” (1985).

1989

– “The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus.” New York University Law Review (May 1989), 64(2): 233-255.

– “Les Libertés de base et leur priorité.”Critique (June-July 1989), 45(505-506): 423-465. French translation by Florence Piron of “The Basic Liberties and Their Priority” (1982).

– “Themes in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.” In Eckhart Forster, ed., Kant’s Transcendental Deductions: The Three Critiques and the ‘Opus postumum’, pp. 81-113, 253-256. Stanford Series in Philosophy. Studies in Kant and German Idealism. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1989.

– Retirement.

1991

– “Roderick Firth: His Life and Work.”Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (March 1991), 51(1): 109-118.
– Political Liberalism.

1993

– Justice et démocratie. La couleur des idees. Paris: Seuil, 1993. Translation of a collection of articles: “The Basic Structure as Subject” (1977), “Kantian Constructivis in Moral Theory” (1980), “The Domain and the Political and Overlapping Consensus” (1989).

– “The Law of Peoples.” Critical Inquiry(Fall 1993), 20(1): 36-68.

– Political Liberalism. The John Dewey Essays in Philosophy, 4. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. See Lecture VI: The Idea of Public Reason, pp. 212-254, which contains the 2 lectures delivered at the University of California at Irvine in 1990, on which occasion this bibliography was prepared and distributed to the audience.

1994

– Die Idee des politischen Liberalismus: Aufsatze 1978- 1989. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1994. German translation ofPolitical Liberalism (1993).

1995

– Liberalisme politique. Philosophie morale. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995. French translation ofPolitical Liberalism (1993).

– “Reconcilation through the Public Use of Reason.” Journal of Philosophy (March 1995), 92(3): 132-180. Reply to Jurgen Habermas p. 109.

– “Fifty Years after Hiroshima” Dissent(Summer 1995): 323-327.

– Political Liberalism, revised and expanded edition.

1996

– “The Idea of Public Reason Revisited”.

– Honorary doctorate from Harvard University.

1997

– “The Idea of Public Reason Revisited.”University of Chigaco Law Review, 64 (Summer 1997): 765-807.
– Collected PapersThe Law of Peoples.

– A Theory of Justice, second edition, with revisions made in 1974 for the German and subsequent translations.

– Rolf Schock Prize in the Field of Logic and Philosophy, awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy.

– National Humanities Medal of Excellence.

1999

– Collected Papers, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999.

– A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999. Revised edition (1975).

– Lectures in Moral Philosophy.

2000

– Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2000.

2001

– Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2001.
– Rawls dies on Sunday, 24 November 2002, of heart failure at his home in Lexington, Massachusetts.

2002

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